人教版丨七年级英语下册5单元知识点总结!

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Unit5 Why do you like pandas?

人教版丨七年级英语下册5单元知识点总结!-第1张图片

◆短语归纳

1.kind of 有几分,有点儿

2. be from /come from 来自于

3. South Africa 南非

4. all day 整天

5. for a long time 很长时间

6. get lost 迷路

7. places with food and water

有食物和水的地方

8. cut down 砍倒

9. be in (great) danger

处于(极大)危险之中

10. things made of ivory

由象牙制成的东西

◆用法集萃

section A

1. Why do you like pandas?

你为什么喜欢熊猫呢?

【解析】

Why 特殊疑问副词,“为什么”,用来询问原因。 Why 引导的特殊疑问句用 because 来回答。

①—___do you want to see the lions?

—Because they are cute.

A.Where B. When C. How D. Why

② He likes koalas because they’re very cute.(对划线部分提问)

2. Let’s see the pandas first.

咱们先看熊猫吧。

【解析】

let’s=let us “让我们…吧。”后接动词原形

【结构】

let sb. do sth 让某人做某事

回答时用:OK./Allright./Yes, let’s …

( )Let’s_____after school.

A.to play piano B. play piano

C. to play the piano D. play the piano

3. Why do you want to see them?

你为什么想去看它们?

【解析】

want v. " 想要",后接名词和不定式做宾语

want sb. to do sth 想要某人做某事

4. Well, because she’s kind of boring. 因为它有点儿无趣。

【解析】

kind of + adj.

=a little /a bit + adj. “ 有几分“

The pandas are kind of cute.

【拓展】

a kind of 一种

all kinds of 各种各样的

different kinds of 不同种类的

①( )—Why do you like dolphins?

—Because they are _____ interesting.

A. kind B. a kind

C. kind of D. a kind of

②There are _________(各种各样的)animals in the park.

5.—Why do you want to see them?

—Because they’re interesting.

你为什么想看它们呢?因为它们有趣。

【解析】

interest

→ interesting (修饰物)

→ interested (修饰人)

adj. 有趣的

be interested in 对…感兴趣

I am interested in this interesting book.

7. Where are they from? 它们来自哪里?

【解析】

be from =come from 来自

She is from France.

=She comes from France.

【分析】:

be from 构成否定句时,在be后加not;构成疑问句时,将be提起。

come from 构成否定句或疑问句时,要借助助动词 do 或 does.

He comes from the United States.(改为否定句)

He__________the United States.

SectionB& Self Check

1. Because they’re friendly and smart. 因为它们友好而聪明。

【解析】

friend n. 朋友→ friendly adj. 有好的

be friendly to sb. 对某人友好

( ) Their _____are friendly ___us.

A. friendly ,to B. friends, to

C. friends, for D. friendly, for

2. We are students from Thailand, and we want to save the elephants. 我们是来自泰国的学生,我们想拯救大象。

【解析1】

from Thailand 做后置定语,修饰students

【解析2】

save v. "救助,拯救",后接名词或代词作宾语。

save one’s life 挽救某人的生命

【短语】

save money 攒钱

save water 节约用水

3. The elephant is one of Thailand symbols. 大象是泰国的象征之一。

【解析1】

one of… “……之一”,后接可数名词复数形式。

【解析2】

one of …结构做主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。

Shanghai is one of my favorite cities.

【规律总结】

(1) one of ….等类似的短语后面必须是名词或者代词的复数形式

(2) one of 后接名词时,名词前必须有定冠词或物主代词修饰

4. People say that “ an elephant never forgets” . 人们说“大象永不遗忘”。

【解析】

forget→forgot→forgotten v 忘记

(1) forget to do sth 忘记去做某事(事情还未做)

(2) forget doing sth 忘记做过某事(事情已经做完)

( ) — Don’t forget ______ your homework, John.

—OK. I’ll do it right now.

A. doing B. do C. to do D. does

5. They can also remember places with food and water. 它们还能记住有食物和水的地方

【解析】

rememberv “记得,记起”

(1) remember to do sth. 记住去做某事(未做)

(2) remember doing sth. 记得做过某事(已做)

( ) Remember ______ the book to the library.

A. returns B. return

C. to return D. returning

6. But elephants are in great danger. 但是大象正处于极大的威胁中。

【解析】

danger n. 威胁

→ dangerous adj. 威胁的

be in danger. “处于威胁中”

【拓展】

in+名词

in need 急需

in trouble 处于困境中

in fact 事实上

① Swimming in the river is _____(danger).

②We should protect the animals _______danger.

A. on B. in C. of D. at

7. We must save the trees and not buy things made of ivory.

我们必须拯救树木,不买象牙制品。

【解析】

must “必须;一定”(情态动词,后跟动词原形),表主观需要, 否定形式 mustn’t “不能; 不许”, 表示禁止

【拓展】

have to 表示一种客观的需要 “不得不”

( ) —Why don’t you play football with us this afternoon?

—Sorry, I _______ do homework first.

A. may B. have to C. can

【解析】

be made of / be made from的区别

(1) be made of … “被用……制成”,(看得出原材料)

The table is made of wood.

(2) be made from… “被用……制成”,(看不出原材料)

The bread is made from wheat(小麦).

◆典句必背

1. —Why do you like pandas? 你为什么喜欢熊猫?

—Because they’re kind of interesting. 因为它们有点儿有趣。

2. —Why does John like koalas? 约翰为什么喜欢树袋熊?

—Because they’re very cute. 因为它们非常可爱。

3. —Why don’t you like tigers? 你为什么不喜欢老虎?

—Because they’re really scary. 因为它们真的吓人。

4. —Where are lions from? 狮子来自哪里?

—They’re from South Africa. 它们来自南非。

5. Elephants can walk for a long time and never get lost. 大象能走很长时间并且从不迷路。

6. They can also remember places with food and water. 它们也能记住有食物和水的地方。

7. But elephants are in great danger. 但是,大象处于极大危险之中。

8. People cut down many trees so elephants are losing their homes.

人们砍倒了许多树,因此,大象渐渐失去它们的家园。

9. Today there are only about 3,000 elephants(over 100,000 before)

现在仅有大约3000头大象(之前超过10万头大象)。

10.Isn’t she beautiful? 她难道不美丽吗?

◆话题写作

My favorite animals

There are many kinds of animals in the world. What animal do I like? Let’s know her.

Many people like her very much. I also like her. She is from China. She is very cute. She doesn’t eat grass and meat at all. She eats bamboo every day.She is so nice. She is black white. She has two big black ears and eyes. And she also has black legs and arms.

What animal is she? She is a panda. I like panda very much. Do you like her? Animals bring us love and make us happy and they are our best friends, so I think we should get on well with them.

单元语法专讲:

一、冠词用法

(一)不定冠词a/an的用法:

1.a,an区别有一条,不看字母看音标。

2.a用在辅音音素开头的单词前,an 用在元音音素开头的单词前

(二)定冠词the的用法:

口诀:特指双熟悉,上文已提及;

世上独无二,序数最高级;

家人代乐器,形分类人一。

(三)零冠词的用法口诀:

下列情况应免冠,代词限定名词前;

专有名词不可数,学科球类三餐前;

复数名词表泛指,两节星期月份前;

颜色语种和国名,称呼习语及头衔。

二、形容词的用法:

1. 作定语,放在名词之前。

some beautiful flowers 一些漂亮的花

2. 形容词作表语,放在系动词之后。

They are cute.他们很可爱

本单元的主要形容词:

cute可爱的 interesting 有趣的

fun 逗人的 smart聪明的

scary 可怕的 ugly 丑陋的

shy害羞的 quiet 安静的

friendly 友好的

三、特殊疑问句:

1.定义:特殊疑问句是由特殊疑问词(what,who ,when, where, why, how)引导的疑问句。

2.构成:特殊疑问词+一般疑问句

3.注意:特殊疑问句要求针对情况具体回答,不可以用Yes/No做简略回答。

4.特殊疑问词的选用:

(1)who---对“人”进行提问,意为“谁”

(2)what---对“什么”进行回答

(3)why---对原因进行提问

(4)where---对具体地点进行提问

(5)when---对时间进行提问

(6)what time ---对具体的钟点提问

(7)how---对方式提问

(8)howold ---对年龄提问

(9)how many ---对可数名词的数量提问

(10)how much---对价格或不可数名词的数量提问

(11)how often---"多久",对发生频率提问

(12)how long---"多长时间",对时间段提问

(13)how soon---"多久",用在一般将来时

5. Exercise:

练习:选择“ a 、 an 、 the 或 /”完成下列各题。

1. Look!There is ____elephant in the zoo.

2. Can you speak____French, Julia?

3. What time do you usually eat____lunch.

4. There is __giraffe over there, and there is___ koala next to__ giraffe.

5. I often listen to ___music, and I can play __violin.

6. Doyou like___ dolphins?

7. We can see __lots of cute animals in Yuantongshang Zoo.

8. Mr Green and his son usually take ____walk through the park in the afternoon.

9.–Doyou often play sports in ______morning?

--No. But I play sports at_ _____ night.

10.Mr Zhang has ____old friend ,and he often goes to visit _____old friend on weekends.

根据答语,选择适当疑问词

1. —____knows the answer to Number 2?

—Lucy does.

2.—___is this in English?

—It’s a book.

3. —___are the boys so excited?

—Because there is a football match in the afternoon.

4. —___is the library?

—It’s across from the post office.

5. —____does she watch TV every day?

—She watches TV in the evening.

6. —____ do you usually get up?

—At 6:00 o’clock in the morning.

7. —____do the students go to school?

—They go to school by bike.

8. —____boy is your brother?

—The one in a blue T-shirt.

9. —____pen pals do you have?

—I have five pen pals.

10. —____is the backpack?

—It’s $20.

人教版丨七年级英语下册5单元知识点总结!-第2张图片

标签: 大象现在处于极大的危险中英语

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